2. Pradhan Karma (Main methods) : Which includes:
• Vamana (Induced vomiting / Emesis Therapy)
Vaman is one therapy among 'Panchakarma'- the five fold Ayurvedic detoxification procedures. This process will induce therapeutic vomiting. Prior to this procedure the individual's body will be prepared by proper Snehana (oleation) and Swedana (sudation). This is a very beneficial therapy for Kapha predominating disorders such as asthma, cough, psoriasis and skin disorders. It is beneficial for bronchial asthma, cough and cold, chronic indigestion, lymphatic congestion and edema.
• Virechana (Induced purgation / Purgation Therapy)
Virechana is a process by which vitiated pitha dosha is eliminated from the body through anus, assisted by Snehana-Svedhana karmas. It is effective in the treatment of skin diseases (eczema, allergy' psoriasis), constipation, hemiplegia, ascitis and skin allergies.
This therapy is one among Panchakarma which eliminates excess Pitta from the body. Virechan is performed by administering Virechak Aushdhi (purgative medicine) in milk or warm water preparation after proper preparation of the individual through Poorvakarmas. This therapy is extremely beneficial in Pitta disorders such as dermatitis, chronic fever, heartburn, jaundice, etc.
• Nasya (Drug administration through nose / Errhine Therapy )
Nasya therapy is a process wherein the drug (herbalized oils and liquid medicines) is instilled into nostrils. Since nose is the gateway of the head, the therapy is highly effective in curing a number of diseases pertaining to the head, if it is performed systematically. The therapy cleanses and opens the channels of the head, thereby improving the process of oxygenation (prana), which has a direct influence on the functioning of brain.
• Highly effective for headaches, sinusitis, migraine and rhinitis.
• Effective in recurrent cold, allergic , facial paralysis, ENT disorders, cervical spondylosis, and epilepsy and stammering.
• It also prevents the early graying of hair and bear.
• Basti (Medicated oil enema / Enema Therapy )
Ayurvedic Basti(Enema) is considered as the key activity of all Panchakarma treatments since it cleanses the accumulated toxis through the colon.
It is highly beneficial in cleansing and detoxifying the body. Medicated oil or ghee and a herbal combination is used as enema to clean the colon. It helps in increasing the muscle tone too.
People suffering from constipation would find the treatment beneficial, because it promotes the liquefaction of ama and mala (waste products) in the colon.
It relieves constipation, distention, chronic fever, cold, sexual disorders, kidney stones, heart pain, backache, sciatica and other pains in the joints. Many other vata disorders such as arthritis, rheumatism, gout, muscle spasms and headaches may also be treated with basti.
• Raktamokshana (Detoxification Therapy)
Raktamoksha is a purificatory method in which a small amount of blood is taken from a vein to relieve the vitiated doshas. It is used in the treatment of skin diseases, hypertension and other blood disorders